SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION OF SEDIMENTS IN THE NORTHERN ZONE OF THE COLOMBIAN CARIBBEAN
The spatial distribution of sediments in the continental shelf, their granulometry (phi) and composition (content of calcium carbonate, CaCO3) is described, taking into account the localization (depth, latitude and longitude) to explain their source and distribution and to establish their relationship with the more productive areas in the northern Colombian Caribbean region. Sediment samples were collected in 68 stations during two surveys carried out in December 2005 and February 2006. Granulometry was determined with sieving separation method and medium grains values of sediment (PHI = F) were calculated. Additionally calcium carbonate (CaCO3) contents were determined. Cluster analysis was performed to characterize groups of similar stations in terms of sediment types and sediment type maps were made using geostatistical techniques. Analysis of relationship between sediment types, according to their PHI, with depth, latitude and longitude, and CaCO3 content with sediment types and depth, was made with Generalized Additive Models (GAM). According to spatial distribution of sediments was possible characterize three sectors in agreement with the values of PHI: 1) from Río Buritaca to Río Camarones with fine sands and muds, 2) from Riohacha to Cabo de la Vela with very coarse sands and sands, 3) from Cabo de la Vela to Puerto Estrella with fine sands and muds.
Sedimentology; Geostatistic; GAM (Generalized Additive Models); La Guajira; Magdalena
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