Invemar
Bulletin of Marine and Coastal Research

ENVIRONMENTAL ZONING CRITERIA USING PARTICIPATIVE AND INFORMATION TECHNIQUES: STUDY CASE OF THE COASTAL ZONE OF THE ATLANTIC DEPARTMENT

Ángela López Rodríguez, Pilar Lozano Rivera, Paula Cristina Sierra Correa

Abstract


In the Integrated Coastal Zone Management frame, environmental zoning is considered a tool for land planning and management. It is based on definition and integration of biophysical, socioeconomic and governability criteria. With the aim for using this tool as part of the coastal zone environmental planning in the Atlántico province (Colombian Caribbean) the following criteria were defined: representative level, stage of ecosystem intervention, ecosystem function, current state of associated fauna, natural risks, water balance alteration, land use intensity, land use aptitude and land use conflicts. The integral analysis of criteria allowed the definition of management areas such as strategic ecosystems, recovery zones, sustainable use, sustainable production and urban-suburban areas. These areas were the base for further definition of integrated coastal zone management guidelines. The definition and integral analysis of zoning criteria were based on participatory techniques, interdisciplinary technical workshops and local community participatory process. As well, Geographic Information System supported the spatial analysis criteria over ecological landscape units. The environmental zoning is a tool for environmental planning which requires definition and integration of biophysical, socioeconomic and governability criteria for facing the conflicts and problems found in the area in order to lead management actions. It is hoped that future work will study the incorporation of models to support the selection and qualification criteria in a quantitative way; also it is expected that participatory processes will involve different sectors such as the economic, since they have less participation in these planning processes.

Keywords


Environmental zoning; Criteria; Coastal zone; Atlántico Province; Colombia Caribbean

Full Text: PDF

DOI: 10.25268/bimc.invemar.2012.41.1.73

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