Boletín de Investigaciones Marinas y Costeras

Peces asociados con equinoideos en aguas poco profundas en Roatán, Honduras

Floyd Edward Hayes, Sierra J. Trogdon, Sean T. Richards, Christine Graham, John C. Duncan, Antonio I. Robles


Se realizó el estudio de la asociación de 11 especies de peces con cinco especies de equinoideos en Roatán, Honduras, del 27 de agosto al 1 de septiembre de 2017. Los peces se asociaron con mayor frecuencia con el equinoideo Diadema antillarum (34,3% de los equinoideos, seis especies de peces, n = 146 equinoideos), seguido por Echinometra viridis (25,0%, tres especies de peces,
n = 12), Echinometra lucunter (7,5%, diez especies de peces, n = 1.834), Eucidaris tribuloides (3,4%, cuatro especies de peces, n = 116), y Tripneustes ventricosus (7,1%, una especie de pez, n = 28). De los 196 peces que buscaban refugio al lado de los equinoideos, Malacoctenus aurolineatus fue el más común (41,8% de los peces, tres especies de equinoideos), seguido de Stegastes adustus (38,8%, tres especies de equinoideos), Stegastes diencaeus (6,6%, tres erizos equinoideos), Sargocentron coruscum (6,1%, cinco especies de equinoideos), Chaetodon capistratus (1,5%, una especie de equinoideo), Gobioclinus filamentosus (1,5%, una especie de equinoideo),
Pomacanthus paru (1,0%, dos especies de equinoideos), Labrisomus nuchipinnis (1,0%, dos especies de equinoideos), Equetus punctatus (0,5%, una especie de equinoideo), Microspathodon chryurus (0,5%, una especie de equinoideo), y Thalassoma bifasciatum (0,5%, una
especie de equinoideo). Ninguno de los peces estaba asociado exclusivamente con equinoideos o estaba especializado para asociarse con equinoideos, lo que indica que la asociación era facultativa. Todos los peces eran pequeños (< 12 cm). Los peces se asociaron con mayor
frecuencia con el equinoideo de espinas más largas, D. antillarum, apoyando la hipótesis de que los peces buscan refugio entre las espinas de los equinoideos para beneficiarse de una mayor protección contra la depredación.

Palabras clave

Mar Caribe; Arrecifes de coral; Ectosimbiontes; Asociación facultativa


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DOI: 10.25268/bimc.invemar.2019.48.1.756

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