Evaluación del efecto de Bacillus firmus C101 en el crecimiento de poslarvas de Litopenaeus vannamei Boone (camarón blanco) y Brachionus plicatilis s.s. Müller (rotífero)

Autores/as

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.25268/bimc.invemar.2020.49.1.774

Palabras clave:

probiótico, promotor del crecimiento, Bacillus firmus, camarón blanco, rotíferos

Resumen

La creciente demanda de proteína acuícola sugiere buscar alternativas biotecnológicas que mejoren el cultivo de especies de interés comercial. En este estudio se evaluó Bacillus firmus C101 como promotor del crecimiento y potencial probiótico, el cual fue caracterizado y posteriormente administrado (106 UFC mL-1 * día) en poslarvas de camarón blanco (Litopenaeus vannamei) y en rotíferos (Brachionus plicatilis sensu stricto). Se observó que B. firmus C101 tiene tolerancia a sales biliares, fuerte actividad fosfatasa y actividad antimicrobiana frente a patógenos como Vibrio alginolyticus y Aeromonas hydrophila, entre otros. Por otro lado, tras su administración por tres semanas a poslarvas de camarón causó un aumento significativo (p < 0,05) en la tasa específica de crecimiento (TEC = 3,8 ± 0,7 % día-1), el incremento de peso diario (ADG = 1,5 ± 0,1 mg día-1) y en la tasa de conversión alimenticia (TCA = 1,5 ± 0,1 %) en comparación con los controles sin adición de esta bacteria (PBS estéril). Así mismo, la administración de B. firmus C101 (106 UFC mL-1 * día) a rotíferos causó un aumento en la tasa de crecimiento poblacional (TC = 20,2 ± 1,5 % día-1), fecundidad (F = 0,4 ± 0,03 huevos individuos-1) y productividad (R = 16,0 ± 0,7 individuos mL-1 * día), después de 48 h de cultivo. Con base en lo anterior y en comparación con otros estudios, se sugiere a B. firmus C101 como potencial probiótico y promotor del crecimiento en poslarvas de camarón, y como primer reporte del efecto de su administración en rotíferos. No obstante, se precisan estudios sobre los posibles mecanismos de acción, y pruebas a escala piloto y comercial para validar estos resultados y su posible transferencia al sector productivo.

Citas

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2020-07-16 — Actualizado el 2021-08-27

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Ruiz-Toquica JS, Villamil Díaz LM, Becerra-Real LM. Evaluación del efecto de Bacillus firmus C101 en el crecimiento de poslarvas de Litopenaeus vannamei Boone (camarón blanco) y Brachionus plicatilis s.s. Müller (rotífero). Bol. Investig. Mar. Costeras [Internet]. 27 de agosto de 2021 [citado 5 de diciembre de 2021];49(1):63-80. Disponible en: http://boletin.invemar.org.co/ojs/index.php/boletin/article/view/897

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