Eficiencia de absorción en postlarvas de camarón blanco del Pacífico, Litopenaeus vannamei, alimentadas con una dieta de levadura marina de marismas de manglar

Autores/as

  • Patricio Colon Velasquez Universidad Técnica de Machala
  • Fulvia Solorzano-Reyes BioMar Alimentsa Ecuador SA., Tambo, Guayaquil, Ecuador

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.25268/bimc.invemar.2021.50.2.1012

Palabras clave:

Absorción de alimento, acuicultura estuarina, manglares,, microorganismos,

Resumen

El presente estudio investigó la levadura marina como fuente de alimento en el camarón blanco Litopenaeus vannamei. Se determinó la eficiencia de absorción de levaduras midiendo la proporción de materia orgánica asimilada por las postlarvas de camarón. La levadura marina se aisló y se propagó en laboratorio a partir de una muestra de sedimento obtenida en una marisma de manglar. Seis etapas de desarrollo de postlarvas de camarón, desde PL-5 días hasta PL-35 días fueron alimentadas exclusivamente con tres concentraciones de levaduras (1,5 × 105, 3 × 105, 5 × 105 cel/mL). El promedio general de la absorción de levadura fue de 65,85 ± 11,42 %.
El análisis de varianza de dos vías ANOVA (p < 0,05) mostró que la eficiencia de absorción de levadura en post-larvas de camarón no se vio afectada por las concentraciones de levaduras; tampoco las concentraciones de levaduras interactuaron con la edad de las postlarvas. La eficiencia de absorción de 67,30 % registrada en postlarvas jóvenes (PL-5 a PL-15) fue significativamente diferente a la absorción
registrada en post-larvas de mayor edad (PL-20 a PL-35) con un promedio de 60,21 % (p < 0,05). La eficiencia de absorción relativamente alta de levadura en postlarvas de L. vannamei contribuye a una mejor comprensión del rol de los microorganismos como complemento nutricional en la acuicultura costera. 

Biografía del autor/a

Patricio Colon Velasquez, Universidad Técnica de Machala

Grupo de Aquacultura Sostenible

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Publicado

2021-11-17

Cómo citar

1.
Velasquez PC, Solorzano-Reyes F. Eficiencia de absorción en postlarvas de camarón blanco del Pacífico, Litopenaeus vannamei, alimentadas con una dieta de levadura marina de marismas de manglar. Bol. Investig. Mar. Costeras [Internet]. 17 de noviembre de 2021 [citado 6 de julio de 2022];50(2):73-90. Disponible en: http://boletin.invemar.org.co:8085/ojs/index.php/boletin/article/view/1012

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